(2016; Published in Psychology of Sports and Exercise)
Harm van der Lei, Gershon Tenenbaum, & William M. Land
This study sought to examine changes in routine consistency with respect to optimal and nonoptimal arousal states. Idiosyncratic differences in routine patterns, both behaviorally and temporally were evident. More importantly, the consistency of the routines for each golfer varied under different arousal-related performance zones.
The findings suggest that factors that influence a performer’s arousal level can lead to idiosyncratic variations in a performer’s routine. Observation of these routine changes can provide insight into the negative tendencies that an athlete can have when performing outside their optimal zone.
With this knowledge, practitioners can be more effective in helping athletes monitor and regulate arousal, which will ultimately lead to enhanced performance.
Players’ ability and inability to change certain behaviors is truly fascinating. Researchers Prochaska and DiClemente studied how people change addictive and health behaviors.
A stolen game is a game in which both players have a winning opportunity. It has a minimum of eight points, unless a no-ad scoring system is used.
This study sought to examine changes in routine consistency with respect to optimal and nonoptimal arousal states. Idiosyncratic differences in routine patterns, both behaviorally and temporally were evident.
Verbal and nonverbal communication is a critical mediator of performance in team sports and yet there is little extant research in sports that involves direct measures of communication.
“Dr. van der Lei’s dedication to providing the best applied research based mental performance assessment and training services for golfers built upon objective and reliable measures, his utilization of the latest technology available, and his contribution as a team player within our men’s and women’s golf programs in supporting our golfers in their sport and daily life, are highly appreciated and we are looking forward to collaborating with Harry for many years to come!”
Trey Jones - Head men’s coach and Director of Golf for the men’s and women’s golf programs at Florida State University
“Dr. Lausic has a unique approach which is head and shoulders above the countless other sports psychologists I have worked with in my forty-year career as a player, coach, manager and mentor.”
Rodney Harmon - Head Coach Women's Tennis, Georgia Institute of Technology
“Dr. Lausic worked extensively with my women's tennis program at Clemson University where I saw his work increase the performance level of our student athletes over a period of just a few months...I saw an amazing sense of resiliency begin to take place in each athlete coinciding with increased confidence and trust in one's own ability.”
Nancy Harris - Head Coach Women's Tennis, ret., Clemson University
“After only a few routine training sessions, I achieved my best results for the year of 2012. The positive changes in my golf game were unreal. Since then, I have started to understand the importance of the Hourglass Performance Model and of specific breathing techniques for better results on and off the course.”
Macarena Silva - Professional golfer, winner of the 2006 Matchplay de Chile and the 2010 Copa de los Andes as an amateur. Macarena turned professional in June 2011 and currently resides in her hometown Santiago, Chile.
Harry’s expertise in mental performance has helped me greatly in controlling my emotions and being able to relax and focus before and during my competitive races.
Chad Hedrick - Long Track Speedskating, 2006 Olympic Bronze, Silver, and Gold Medalist.